Hardwoods are the ones to choose for your projects if you want to come up with more durable, interesting pieces of furniture. Most woodworkers prefer working with hardwoods because they have nice colors, textures, and grain patterns. Indeed, most woodworkers plans will most likely include hardwood as the desired choice in furniture making. However, the problem is that most hardwood materials are expensive because of their less sustainable source, making working with them a last option for some woodworkers. Because hardwoods make good, quality furniture, there are organizations dedicated to planting more of them in order to save them from extinction. These are a few hardwoods that you may want to consider.
The first on the list of hardwoods used for woodworking is birch. There is a yellow and a white variety of these species. Yellow birch has pale yellowish-whitish wood and reddish-brown heart, while the white variety has a color that resembles maple. Both varieties have a grade of 4 in terms of hardness on a scale of 1 to 5. Birch is easy to work with, but it presents a problem with staining because it tends to be blotchy. There is enough supply of birch and therefore they are less cost than other hardwoods. While you can find them readily at home centers, you can get a wider selection at most lumberyards.
Mahogany is another wood for woodworking. Called Honduran mahogany, this is considered one of the best woods for furniture making. It has a color that ranges from reddish to brown to deep red, has a straight grain and a medium texture. Its hardness is around 2 on the 1-to-5 scale, and it offers good stain even with a coat of oil. Because there is no sustainable resource for mahogany, it might be difficult to find a good one at local home centers.
An in-demand hardwood that is quite expensive is cherry. It is a popular hardwood that can be found throughout the year, with a good stain and aged appearance. The color of the heartwood is reddish-brown while the sapwood is almost white. It has a grade of 2 on a scale of 1 to 5. Woodworkers have better luck finding them at decent lumberyards than at home centers.
Oak is commonly used in furniture making. Both red and white varieties are strong, with hardness grade of 4 on the same scale, although they are still easy to work with. Also, it has a ray flake pattern when cut, making it a beautiful material for furniture. White oak is preferred by woodworkers for outdoor furniture because of its resistance to moisture and its attractive figure. Oak wood varieties are available in quarter-saw, which is more expensive but presents a beautiful pattern.
Source by Frank Chapman