Decking – A Brief Guide on How to Install Composite Timber Decking

By August 28, 2018Uncategorized

Composite timber decking is green and sustainable in nature and is suitable for both residential and commercial use. It is designed to withstand heavy loads, easier and faster to build, safer surface to walk on, waterproof surface, a natural wood effect and appearance and more durable compared to the other decking systems and materials.

Building and installing a deck is not as easy as it looks however it can be done with proper planning and execution. First you need to establish what type and style of decking you want. You can find tips and ideas from the internet, magazines, books or even family, friends and neighbors. After deciding on the design it is important to choose the material you want for your deck. In general you can choose between various types of lumber or synthetic.

It is important to run a checklist on the tools required for building a deck. Starting with hand tools you will need-

• Tape measure

• Chalk line

• Layout square

• Straight edge

• Carpenters level

• Framing hammer

• Utility knife

• Framing square

• Nail set

• Chisels

• Ranches

• Socket range

• Handsaw

• Craw bar

• Saw horses.

Next is to check on your powered tools which are-

• Circular saw

• Miter saw

• Reciprocating saw

• Hammer drill

• Cordless drill

• Corded drill

• Wood and masonry bits

• Extension cords

• Jigsaw

The long lists of tool may look daunting and expensive however you can always rent these tools if you do not want to purchase them.

The first step in constructing a deck is to install the ledger. It sets the height of the deck and transfers the weight of the deck to the foundation of the house. To attach the lumber board to the house you need to draw holes through the wood into the masonry using masonry bits, than use masonry anchors to attach the ledger. Once the ledger is in place you can use it to locate footings which will outline your deck.

Framing is the supporting structure of the deck which consists of the post, beams and joist. The first thing is to construct the beam that will support the floor joist which is then attached to the ledger. If you are choosing a two level deck a temporary stringer or stir frame is cut and attached to the larger upper deck to ensure the proper height for the lower deck. Once the height of the lower deck is set, the installation of post, beams and joist are carried out following a similar order as the upper deck.

Find boards that are as straight as possible for your deck. You should buy 10% to 15% more decking than estimated to allow for crooked boards and cutting waste. Deck boards must have spacing between them to allow water and debris to pass between them.

A good general rule in constructing outdoor stairs for decking is that it should be at least 3 ft. wide for ease of traffic flow and safe use. The next thing is to construct railroads around the deck. Building regulations specify that the height of the railing should be a minimum of 30 inches.


Source by Jack Howe

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